Overview of K&C Testing
K&C testing is not really “dynamic” testing at all – although it has a very close relationship to vehicle dynamics. K&C tests are quasi-static – all loads and displacements are applied quite slowly. This is done purposefully to look at force-displacement relationships and friction in the suspension. The AB Dynamics K&C test machine at Morse Measurements is specifically designed to displace and load a test vehicle in our facility in ways that would be very difficult to do otherwise.
Vehicle Dynamics and Suspension Systems
The course is intended for those practising engineers and technologists who already have a general understanding of vehicle dynamics and who now wish to develop their knowledge, in particular to the design and development of suspensions, tyres and chassis systems.
Kinematics & Compliance Facility
Our Kinematics and Compliance (K&C) Facility features the only twin axle SPMM (Suspension Parameter Measuring Machine) in the UK with moment of inertia capability. More than 1500 vehicles have been tested since the facility opened in 1996, ranging from F1 cars to minibuses.
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In this expression ρ is water density, D a length scale used in CD (in the case of a circular cylinder it would normally be the diameter), KC is Keulegan Carpenter number and m is the effective mass per unit length of the body. KC is defined as UT-D, where U is the maximum velocity of the body relative to the water during a cycle and T is the period of oscillation. For harmonic motion KC can be defined as 2πA-D, where A is the amplitude of oscillation.
Theoretical equations describing the drag coefficients in parallel or perpendicular motion to the axial axis of the rod were generally based on three geometrical representations of the rod-like object: bead model, ellipsoid model, and cylinder model.
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An Overview on Alkaline HOR and ORR Data in the Last Decade
A dense suspension of bacteria was prepared by centrifuging 10 mL of WT B. subtilis (1,500 × g for 10 min). If necessary, a small volume of stained bacteria was added to the pellet, which was then mixed into four volumes of mineral oil containing 10 mg-mL diphytanoyl phosphatidylcholine (DiPhyPC; Avanti) to prevent drops from coalescing. The emulsion was then created by gently pipetting the suspension and placing it between two silane-coated coverslips, creating numerous flattened drops, ∼25 μm in height and 10–100 μm in diameter.