now to answer your question, he did it because he was a tyrannical dictator and a criminal. he arrested and illegally detained anybody who disagreed with him or wanted to stop the senseless slaughter that was being fought against a sovereign independant nation for nothing other than tax collection that the north no longer had any right or claim to.
President Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus during the Civil War
Although a quick resolution of the tariff crisis ensured that the 1833 act was never used in its intended context, the act provided the authority for federal courts to grant habeas to federal marshals held as state prisoners after apprehending alleged fugitive slaves under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. In 1859, the Supreme Court held that a state court lacked the power to issue habeas corpus to a federal prisoner convicted of violating the Fugitive Slave Act. In 1871, the Court held that state courts were not permitted to free federal prisoners under any circumstances.
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The arrested man is secretly taken aboard a special train and transported to another city where he is locked up in a military barracks. The prisoner never sees a judge and is not even formally charged with a crime. Instead, within 24 hours after his arrest, he is brought before eight army officers who put him on trial for making disloyal speeches against the government.
In 17th century England, the sovereignty’s ability to arrest and hold in prison anyone for any reason became a point of contention in Parliament. During the reign of King Charles in England, Parliament eventually succeeded in addressing the issue with the enactment of the Habeas Corpus Act of 1679. The Habeas Corpus Act was a procedural device that allowed the courts to review the facts, and determine whether or not the prisoner’s detention was lawful.
Habeas Corpus Rights: Canada
The order resulted in the detainment of John Merryman, an active and vocal secessionist, on May 25, 1861, and the same day, Merryman’s lawyer petitioned to Chief Justice Roger B. Taney to issue a writ of habeas corpus (Supreme Court justices presided directly over circuit courts at the time).
Habeas corpus petitions not maintainable in High Courts during Emergency: Supreme Court
The case was brought before the Supreme Court by the Central Government and five state governments – Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh – after nine state High Courts had admitted habeas corpus petitions from a total of 43 people, including four members of parliament.
The writ of habeas corpus primarily acts as a writ of inquiry, issued to test the reasons or grounds for restraint and detention. The writ thus stands as a safeguard against imprisonment of those held in violation of the law, by ordering the responsible enforcement authorities to provide valid reasons for the detention. Thus, the writ is designed to obtain immediate relief from unlawful impeachment, by ordering immediate release unless with sufficient legal reasons and grounds.